Health and Safety among open - pit mining industry: Current situation and recommendations
1 Administration of Occupational Safety - Ministry of Labour - Invalid and Social Welfare, Vietnam
2 Faculty of Environmental and Occupational Health, Hanoi University of Public Health, Vietnam
- Received: 18th-Aug-2020
- Revised: 22nd-Sept-2020
- Accepted: 10th-Oct-2020
- Online: 15th-Oct-2020
- Section: Mining Engineering
Mining industry has long development history and is among the most developed industry contributed to the economy of the country. Working in the sector is also considered as heavy and hazardous duty. The Law on Occupational Safety and Hygiene was passed and enacted in 2016, and different sub - law guiding documents were developed to regulate about working environment and risk control solution required for all industries especially for risky industry like mining. However, implementation and enforcement of Law was still inadequte. This review report aims to discuss about current situation of health and safety issues among the sector and to propose some possible solutions. Reults show that number of accidents and number of deaths was increasing. Prevalence of silicosis and hearing imparement among workers in the sector was among top ranking industries. It was recommended that monitoring, supervision and enforcement should be invested properly. Different technologies and innovations should also be applied on reducing the risk of occupational injury and diseases.
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